If you think Italian wines are confusing, you are right!
There are some good reasons why Italian wines are very difficult to classify in a structured way.
First of all Italy has been a wine producer since the beginning of civilization and we had all the time to develop hundreds of different grape varieties.
Then we are blessed with an impressive number of different wine zones.
Finally we are among the biggest producers of wine in the world and the amount of varieties makes it difficult to compile a simple catalog of Italian wines.
In every single sip of Italian wine you’ll find layers of history and a good deal of geography of the territory of origin.
In fact the environment of a vineyard gives special character to any single wine. Some of the many variables of the environment are the soil composition, the climate and the cultivation techniques of that particular area.
In an attempt to classify, commercially characterize the innumerable Italian wines and draw a general Italy wine map, was devised the Denominazione di Origine Controllata DOC (Denomination of Controlled Origin).
The DOC designation links the territory and the production formula. For example, the Verdicchio DOC must come from grapes grown and vinified in the Verdicchio territory, must be made with specific percentage of certain grapes and must be aged for a certain period.
To the most famous and historic Italian wines is also granted a G (guaranteed) after the DOC. For example Brunello di Montalcino and Rosso Conero can proudly display on the bottles the DOCG brand.
Sorting the area of origin though is not enough to understand the peculiarities of Italian wines. To further complicate the matter there are innumerable “vitigni autoctoni” or indigenous grape varieties. These, sometimes ancient, grape varieties are important to maintain the genetic variety of the vineyards and the character of the local wines.
Most Italian region can display an impressive number of local grapes. In Le Marche only there are seven of these “vitigni autoctoni”: Lacrima (red), Vernaccia Nera (red), Pecorino (white), Passerina (white), Verdicchio (white), Maceratino (white), Biancame (white).
To the patient work of nature and the wine grower is added the craft of the “enologo” or winemaker. In the last twenty years Italian wine making went through a silent revolution. European Community and Italian Government invested heavily in new vineyards, helping the passage from a generic, uninteresting product to a refined, distinguished, modern wine.
New wines are created every year by a young generation of knowledgeable and educated wine makers that are aware of their country natural gifts as well as the modern trends of the international market.
Wines from Le Marche have not attained yet the international popularity of other wines but they are not to be underestimated. The production in these last years has reached an international level of excellence and the slow pace of this region gives to serious wine tasting a pleasurable
See on www.thewomanwines.com
I am passionate about Le Marche Region in Italy, follow me to discover it.
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