Senigallia, according to its history by Marinella Bonvini Mazzanti (Urbino, Quattro Venti, 1998), was either occupied or founded by the Gauls sometime in the fifth or fourth century BC. It was then turned into a Roman colony in 290-280 BC. Although the intention of the Romans was to obliterate all traces of the Gauls, they clearly didn’t succeed, as Mazzanti remarks that many words of Gallic derivation still form part of the local dialect.
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