The first patent for an espresso machine dates back to 1884: it was submitted by a certain Angelo Moribondo from Turin and it was a device to make espresso, presented in the same year, on the occasion of the General Exhibition at the Valentino Park. The credit for industrialising the espresso machine however, goes to Luigi Bezzera from Milan, who in 1901 obtained the first of his patents. In fact, he made this tool very similar to the machines that went on to become very widespread, above all thanks to another pioneer of the period, Desiderio Pavoni, who seeing the great potential of the espresso, developed its sale in public bars and cafés. In the early 1900s, Pier Teresio Arduino from Turin realised that the world of public bars and coffee shops was changing and that the machines used in these premises were no longer able to keep up with the times, both in terms of their technical design and their style.
He decided to build a new type of machine, a machine that would guarantee fast pouring and at the same time, be of limited size so as to offer maximum ease and safety of use. He was firmly convinced that to achieve this goal, he needed to revolutionise the heart of the machine: the boiler. He was given his patent and he called his machine the Victoria [Victory] and he did indeed consider it to be his victory or rather, an “Italian victory”, the result of the effort and attempts that had gone into its making. Arduino continued to improve his machine, to the extent that, in 1910, he was given the patent and certificate of industrial property rights…
In 1952, Nuova Simonelli, in Tolentino (Macerata) was the next company to introduce an important new innovation: the machine with hydraulic pump action…
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