Jun 9, 2011

Maserati the underdog of the car industry

Written by : jacobthompson| 0 | Automotive
Maserati Bora Old Car.

Image via Wikipedia

Maserati is an Italian luxury car manufacturer established on December 1, 1914, in Bologna. The company’s headquarters is located in Modena, and its emblem is the trident. Maserati is a Fiat S.p.A owned Subsidiary. Inside the Fiat Group, Maserati was initially associated with Ferrari S.p.A., but more recently it has become more of a sports car group including Alfa Romeo.
Maserati has created a large amount of different sports car including the Maserati Merak which was an Italian sport car introduced in 1972, essentially a younger version of the Maserati Bora. It substituted an all new Maserati quad-cam V-6 motor (also shared with the Citroen SM) for the Bora’s larger V-8, resulting not only in a lower cost, but better weight distribution and better handling due to lower weight.
The Merak was different from the otherwise identical Bora mainly in sporting open flying buttresses instead of the Bora’s fully glassed rear, and the Maserati was one of the Citroen SM dashboard on models produced before 1977.The Merak went out of production in 1982.The first Merak was designed during the Citro?n ownership of Maserati (1968-1975). It featured a 3.0 L Maserati 190 hp engine, also used in the Citro?n SM.
The mid-engine Merak used the Bora body shell, but with the extra space offered by the smaller engine used to carve out a second row of seats, suitable for children or very small adults. Other Citro?n parts were such as SM’s dramatic dashboard and the hydraulic brake system.
Another great Victory for the company included the Maserati Mistral, which was named after a cold northerly wind in southern France, this car was the successor to the iconic 3500 GT, and it was also the first in a series of classic Maseratis to be given the name of a wind. It was offered both in Coupe and Spyder form. 830 coupes and 120 Spyders were built in total.
The Mistral is the last model from the “House of the Trident” to have the famous straight six cylinder, twin-spark, double overhead cam engine, as fitted on the Maserati 250F. This car brought much prestige to the company such as the winning of 8 Grand Prix between 1954 and 1960 and one F1 World Championship in 1957 driven by Juan Manuel Fangio. The engine also featured hemispherical combustion chambers and was fed by a Lucas indirect fuel injection system which was an aftermarket part at the time for Italian car manufacturers.
Although the Lucas fuel injection system enhances better performance, quite a few owners, especially in the U.S. have converted their cars to carburetors due to difficulties in tuning the system properly. Maserati subsequently moved on to a V8 engines for their later production cars. There were three engine types fitted to the Mistral. Those engines are called the 3500, 3700 and 4,000 cc. The most sought after derivative is the 4000 cc model. Only the earliest of the Mistrals were equipped with the 3500 cc engine. Unusually, the body was offered in both aluminum and steel but no one is quite sure as to how many of each was built. Use of the aluminum body panels had no effect on the performance of the Mistral. The mixture of the aluminum body on a steel substructure can lead to corrosion due to the dissimilar metals. The automobile was standard with a five speed transmission from ZF and came with four solid disc brakes.

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Maserati Merak

Maserati Mistral

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