Jun 9, 2011

Ferrari Italy’s greatest export

Written by : jacobthompson| 0 | Automotive
Enzo Ferrari

Image via Wikipedia

Ferrari S.p.A. Company is an Italian builder of sports car based in Maranello, Italy. Founded by Enzo Ferrari in 1929, as Scuderia Ferrari, the company sponsored drivers and built race cars before moving into the Building of street-legal vehicles as the Ferrari S.p.A company, in 1947. Throughout the company’s history, the company has been noted for its continued participation in racing, especially in Formula One, where it has had great success. Although the company is small they have had great success within their history
Ferrari America is one of those successes. The Ferrari America series of top-end Ferrari models built in the 1950s and 1960s. They were large touring cars with the largest V12 engines and often came with custom bodywork. All America models used a live axle in the rear, were front-engined, and had worm and sector steering. The America series, based on a concept car bore the Superfast name. Two of the series, the 400 and the 410, were called Superamerica. The final car produced in the America production family was called the 500 Superfast. The series also includes the 365 California.
The 330 America shared the outgoing 250 GTE’s chassis but not its engine, being powered by the new Type 209, which is a 300 hp (220 kW) at 6600 rpm, 4.0 L engine.
50 of the 330 Americas were built, one of which was buried in 1977 in a San Antonio cemetery with its owner, Sandra West, at her request.
Another great success story of the company was the building of the Ferrari Berlinetta Boxer. They used a mid-mounted flat-12 (180? V12, not actually a true Boxer) engine, replacing the FR layout of the companies Daytona, and were succeeded in the Ferrari stable by the Testarossa.
Production of the Berlinetta Boxer was a major step for Enzo Ferrari. He felt that a mid-engined road car would be too difficult for his buyers to handle, and it took many years for his engineers to convince him to adopt the layout. This attitude began to change as the marque lost its racing dominance in the late 1950s to mid-engined competitors. The mid-engined 4-, 6-, and 8-cylinder Dino racing cars were the result, and Ferrari later allowed for the production Dino road cars to use the layout as well. The company also moved its V12 engines to the rear with its P and LM racing cars, but the Daytona was launched with its engine in front. In 1971 Ferrari Decided to create a mid-engined 12-cylinder road car would appear.
No Berlinetta Boxer was ever originally sold in North America, as Enzo did not believe it to be worth the cost of federalizing. However, third parties made conversions, and quite a few of them are now in the United States.
The third Success story of the company was the building of the Ferrari California is a grand touring sports car that was launched in 2008 Paris Motor Show. It is a two door hard top convertible. The California is powered by front-mid mounted gasoline direct injection 4.3 L V8, sending a claimed 450 hp. The car revives the “California” name used for the late-1950s Ferrari 250 GT.
According to some sources originally started as a concept for a new Maserati, the resulting expense to produce the car needed the Ferrari badge to justify the ideal return on the investment. The California represents a new, fourth model range for the company.
The California will be built in a new production line adjacent to the existing factory at Maranello. The existing production line produces 27 cars per day, or 6,000 per annum. Ferrari plans to produce 5,000 Californias in the first two years of production, thereby increasing Ferrari production by 50% with introduction of this nameplate. The California, according to many motoring magazines, is sold out until 2011, with 60% of buyers being new to the Ferrari marque.
Ferrari Mythos Concept
The Ferrari Mythos was a mid-engine, rear wheel drive concept car designed by Pinin farina and produced by Ferrari in 1989. The radical design was implemented on the platform of the Ferrari Testarossa, which dictated the car’s wedge shape and large air intake ahead of the rear wheels. Although not intended to be sold to members of the public, the current Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah, is known to own two, although it is unclear which cars in the Sultan’s collections belong to which family members as clear records do not exist. It is capable of 180 mph.
There was never a bigger success in the history of the company though then the Ferrari Testarossa. In the life of its production Almost 10,000 Testarossas, 512 TRs, and F512 Ms were produced, making it one of the most common Ferrari models, despite its high price and exotic design. In 1995, the cars retail price was around $220,000. The word Testarossa is Italian for “redhead”.
The Testarossa, a two-door coupe premiered in 1984 Paris Auto Show. All versions of the Testarossa had the power fed through the wheels from a rear-mounted, five-speed manual transmission. The Rear mid-engine, rear-wheel drive layout (engine between the axles but behind the cabin) keeps the centre of gravity in the middle of the car, which increases stability and improves the car’s cornering ability. The original Testarossa was re-engineered in 1992 and released, effectively as a completely new car, and an improved weight distribution. The Testarossas F512 M was Ferrari’s last mid-engine 12-cylinder car, apart from the F50 and Ferrari Enzo, featuring the company’s last flat engine. The Testarossa was replaced in 1996 by the front-engined 550 Maranello coupe.
Over all the Ferrari Brand have had many great successes in it short life, creating a reputation of elegance and speed that has lasted the ages.


Ferrari California

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